Biography

Edward Dmytryk (September 4, 1908 – July 1, 1999) was an American film director who was amongst the Hollywood Ten, a group of blacklisted film industry professionals who served time in prison for being in contempt of Congress during the McCarthy-era 'red scare'.

Although born in Grand Forks, British Columbia, Canada, Dmytryk grew up in San Francisco when his Ukrainian parents moved to the United States. At the age of 31, he became a naturalized citizen.

His best known films from the pre-McCarthy period of his career were film noirs Crossfire, for which he received a Best Director Oscar nomination, and Murder, My Sweet, the latter an adaptation of Raymond Chandler's Farewell My Lovely. In addition, he made two World War II films: Hitler's Children, the story of the Hitler youth and Back to Bataan starring John Wayne.

The late 1940's was the time of the Second Red Scare, and Dmytryk was one of many filmmakers investigated. Summoned to appear before the House Committee on Un-American Activities (HUAC), he refused to cooperate and was sent to jail. After spending several months behind bars, Dmytryk made the decision to testify again, and give the names of his fellow members in the American Communist Party as the HUAC had demanded. On April 25, 1951, Dmytryk appeared before HUAC for the second time, answering all questions. He spoke of his own Party past, a very brief membership in 1945, including the naming of twenty-six former members of left-wing groups. He explained how John Howard Lawson, Adrian Scott, Albert Maltz and others had pressured him to include communist propaganda in his films. His testimony damaged several court cases that others of the so-called "Hollywood 10" had filed. He recounted his experiences of the period in his revealing 1996 book, Odd Man Out: A Memoir of the Hollywood Ten (Southern Illinois University Press, Carbondale, IL).

For a time, Dmytryk moved to England, and Stanley Kramer hired him to direct a trio of low-budget films before handing Dmytryk The Caine Mutiny. He made films for major studios Columbia, 20th Century Fox, MGM and Paramount Pictures, including, among others, Raintree County, The Left Hand of God, The Young Lions, a remake of the Marlene Dietrich classic The Blue Angel, and The Carpetbaggers. Later into the 60' and 70's, he directed Where Love Has Gone, Anzio, Alvarez Kelly, Shalako, and his final film Bluebeard. The films which he directed featured stars such as Humphrey Bogart, Clark Gable, Gene Tierney, Spencer Tracy, Elizabeth Taylor, Bette Davis, Montgomery Clift, Marlon Brando, Sean Connery, Robert Mitchum, Richard Burton, Richard Widmark and Henry Fonda.

After his film career tapered off in the 1970s, he entered academia and taught at the University of Texas at Austin, and at the University of Southern California. He wrote several books on the art of filmmaking (such as "On Film Editing") and lectured at various colleges and theaters, such as the Orson Welles Cinema. Dmytryk died from heart and kidney failure on 1 July, 1999, aged 90, in Encino, California.

Edward Dmytryk (September 4, 1908 – July 1, 1999) was an American film director who was amongst the Hollywood Ten, a group of blacklisted film industry professionals who served time in prison for being in contempt of Congress during the McCarthy-era 'red scare'.

Although born in Grand Forks, British Columbia, Canada, Dmytryk grew up in San Francisco when his Ukrainian parents moved to the United States. At the age of 31, he became a naturalized citizen.

His best known films from the pre-McCarthy period of his career were film noirs Crossfire, for which he received a Best Director Oscar nomination, and Murder, My Sweet, the latter an adaptation of Raymond Chandler's Farewell My Lovely. In addition, he made two World War II films: Hitler's Children, the story of the Hitler youth and Back to Bataan starring John Wayne.

The late 1940's was the time of the Second Red Scare, and Dmytryk was one of many filmmakers investigated. Summoned to appear before the House Committee on Un-American Activities (HUAC), he refused to cooperate and was sent to jail. After spending several months behind bars, Dmytryk made the decision to testify again, and give the names of his fellow members in the American Communist Party as the HUAC had demanded. On April 25, 1951, Dmytryk appeared before HUAC for the second time, answering all questions. He spoke of his own Party past, a very brief membership in 1945, including the naming of twenty-six former members of left-wing groups. He explained how John Howard Lawson, Adrian Scott, Albert Maltz and others had pressured him to include communist propaganda in his films. His testimony damaged several court cases that others of the so-called "Hollywood 10" had filed. He recounted his experiences of the period in his revealing 1996 book, Odd Man Out: A Memoir of the Hollywood Ten (Southern Illinois University Press, Carbondale, IL).

For a time, Dmytryk moved to England, and Stanley Kramer hired him to direct a trio of low-budget films before handing Dmytryk The Caine Mutiny. He made films for major studios Columbia, 20th Century Fox, MGM and Paramount Pictures, including, among others, Raintree County, The Left Hand of God, The Young Lions, a remake of the Marlene Dietrich classic The Blue Angel, and The Carpetbaggers. Later into the 60' and 70's, he directed Where Love Has Gone, Anzio, Alvarez Kelly, Shalako, and his final film Bluebeard. The films which he directed featured stars such as Humphrey Bogart, Clark Gable, Gene Tierney, Spencer Tracy, Elizabeth Taylor, Bette Davis, Montgomery Clift, Marlon Brando, Sean Connery, Robert Mitchum, Richard Burton, Richard Widmark and Henry Fonda.

After his film career tapered off in the 1970s, he entered academia and taught at the University of Texas at Austin, and at the University of Southern California. He wrote several books on the art of filmmaking (such as "On Film Editing") and lectured at various colleges and theaters, such as the Orson Welles Cinema. Dmytryk died from heart and kidney failure on 1 July, 1999, aged 90, in Encino, California.

Personal Info

Known For Directing

Gender Male

Known Credits 72

Birthday 1908-09-04

Day of Death 1999-07-01

Place of Birth Grand Forks, British Columbia, Canada

Official Site -

Also Known As

  • Edward Dymtryk
  • Moe Miller

Directing TV ShowsMovies

1979 Not Only Strangers Director
1975 He Is My Brother Director
1975 The 'Human' Factor Director
1972 Bluebeard Director
1968 Shalako Director
1968 Anzio Director
1966 Alvarez Kelly Director
1965 Mirage Director
1964 Where Love Has Gone Director
1964 The Carpetbaggers Director
1962 The Reluctant Saint Director
1962 Walk on the Wild Side Director
1959 The Blue Angel Director
1959 Warlock Director
1958 The Young Lions Director
1957 Raintree County Director
1956 The Mountain Director
1955 The Left Hand of God Director
1955 The End of the Affair Director
1955 Soldier of Fortune Director
1954 Broken Lance Director
1954 The Caine Mutiny Director
1953 The Juggler Director
1952 Eight Iron Men Director
1952 The Sniper Director
1952 Mutiny Director
1949 Give Us This Day Director
1949 Obsession Director
1947 Crossfire Director
1947 So Well Remembered Director
1946 Till the End of Time Director
1945 Cornered Director
1945 Back to Bataan Director
1944 Murder, My Sweet Director
1943 Tender Comrade Director
1943 Behind the Rising Sun Director
1943 Captive Wild Woman Director
1943 The Falcon Strikes Back Director
1943 Hitler's Children Director
1942 Seven Miles from Alcatraz Director
1942 Counter-Espionage Director
1941 Confessions of Boston Blackie Director
1941 Secrets of the Lone Wolf Director
1941 The Blonde from Singapore Director
1941 Sweetheart of the Campus Director
1941 Under Age Director
1941 The Devil Commands Director
1940 Her First Romance Director
1940 Mystery Sea Raider Director
1940 Golden Gloves Director
1940 Emergency Squad Director
1939 Television Spy Director
1939 Million Dollar Legs Director
1935 The Hawk Director

Editing

1939 Love Affair Editor
1938 Zaza Editor
1938 Bulldog Drummond's Peril Editor
1937 Double Or Nothing Editor
1937 Turn Off the Moon Editor
1936 Easy to Take Editor
1936 Three Married Men Editor
1935 The Hawk Editor
1935 Ruggles of Red Gap Editor
1934 College Rhythm Editor
1933 Duck Soup Assistant Editor
1932 Make Me a Star Editor
1930 The Royal Family of Broadway Editor
1930 Only Saps Work Editor

Acting

2009 A War in Hollywood as Himself - Director (archive footage)
2006 Film Noir: Bringing Darkness to Light as Himself
1998 Hollywoodism: Jews, Movies and the American Dream as Himself
1991 Robert Mitchum: The Reluctant Star as Himself
1950 The Hollywood Ten as Himself

Production

1962 The Reluctant Saint Producer
1959 Warlock Producer
1956 The Mountain Producer
1943 Behind the Rising Sun Producer

Writing

1972 Bluebeard Writer

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