Enrico Nicola "Henry" Mancini (April 16, 1924 –
June 14, 1994) was an American composer, conductor and arranger, who is best
remembered for his film and television scores. Often cited as one of the
greatest composers in the history of film, he won four Academy Awards, a Golden
Globe, and twenty Grammy Awards, plus a posthumous Grammy Lifetime Achievement
Award in 1995.
His best known works include the jazz-idiom theme to The
Pink Panther film series ("The Pink Panther Theme") and the theme to
the Peter Gunn television series. The Peter Gunn theme won the first Grammy
Award for Album of the Year. Mancini also had a long collaboration on film
scores with the film director Blake Edwards.