Biography

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Spencer Bonaventure Tracy (April 5, 1900 – June 10, 1967) was an American actor, noted for his natural style and versatility. One of the major stars of Hollywood's Golden Age, Tracy won two Academy Awards for Best Actor from nine nominations, sharing the record for nominations in that category with Laurence Olivier.

Tracy first discovered his talent for acting while attending Ripon College, and he later received a scholarship for the American Academy of Dramatic Arts. He spent seven years in the theatre, working in a succession of stock companies and intermittently on Broadway. Tracy's breakthrough came in 1930, when his lead performance in The Last Mile caught the attention of Hollywood. After a successful film debut in John Ford's Up the River starring Tracy and Humphrey Bogart, he was signed to a contract with Fox Film Corporation. His five years with Fox featured one acting tour de force after another that were usually ignored at the box office, and he remained largely unknown to audiences after 25 films, almost all of them starring Tracy as the leading man. None of them were hits although The Power and the Glory (1933) features arguably his most acclaimed performance in retrospect.

In 1935, Tracy joined Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer, at the time Hollywood's most prestigious studio. His career flourished with a series of hit films, and in 1937 and 1938 he won consecutive Oscars for Captains Courageous and Boys Town. He made three smash hit films supporting Clark Gable, the studio's principal leading man, firmly fixing the notion of Gable and Tracy as a team in the public imagination. By the 1940s, Tracy was one of the studio's top stars. In 1942, he appeared with Katharine Hepburn in Woman of the Year, beginning another popular partnership that produced nine movies over 25 years. Tracy left MGM in 1955, and continued to work regularly as a freelance star, despite an increasing weariness as he aged. His personal life was troubled, with a lifelong struggle against severe alcoholism and guilt over his son's deafness. Tracy became estranged from his wife in the 1930s, but never divorced, conducting a long-term relationship with Katharine Hepburn in private. Towards the end of his life, Tracy worked almost exclusively for director Stanley Kramer. It was for Kramer that he made his last film, Guess Who's Coming to Dinner in 1967, completed just 17 days before his death.

During his career, Tracy appeared in 75 films and developed a reputation among his peers as one of the screen's greatest actors. In 1999 the American Film Institute ranked Tracy as the 9th greatest male star of Classic Hollywood Cinema.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Spencer Bonaventure Tracy (April 5, 1900 – June 10, 1967) was an American actor, noted for his natural style and versatility. One of the major stars of Hollywood's Golden Age, Tracy won two Academy Awards for Best Actor from nine nominations, sharing the record for nominations in that category with Laurence Olivier.

Tracy first discovered his talent for acting while attending Ripon College, and he later received a scholarship for the American Academy of Dramatic Arts. He spent seven years in the theatre, working in a succession of stock companies and intermittently on Broadway. Tracy's breakthrough came in 1930, when his lead performance in The Last Mile caught the attention of Hollywood. After a successful film debut in John Ford's Up the River starring Tracy and Humphrey Bogart, he was signed to a contract with Fox Film Corporation. His five years with Fox featured one acting tour de force after another that were usually ignored at the box office, and he remained largely unknown to audiences after 25 films, almost all of them starring Tracy as the leading man. None of them were hits although The Power and the Glory (1933) features arguably his most acclaimed performance in retrospect.

In 1935, Tracy joined Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer, at the time Hollywood's most prestigious studio. His career flourished with a series of hit films, and in 1937 and 1938 he won consecutive Oscars for Captains Courageous and Boys Town. He made three smash hit films supporting Clark Gable, the studio's principal leading man, firmly fixing the notion of Gable and Tracy as a team in the public imagination. By the 1940s, Tracy was one of the studio's top stars. In 1942, he appeared with Katharine Hepburn in Woman of the Year, beginning another popular partnership that produced nine movies over 25 years. Tracy left MGM in 1955, and continued to work regularly as a freelance star, despite an increasing weariness as he aged. His personal life was troubled, with a lifelong struggle against severe alcoholism and guilt over his son's deafness. Tracy became estranged from his wife in the 1930s, but never divorced, conducting a long-term relationship with Katharine Hepburn in private. Towards the end of his life, Tracy worked almost exclusively for director Stanley Kramer. It was for Kramer that he made his last film, Guess Who's Coming to Dinner in 1967, completed just 17 days before his death.

During his career, Tracy appeared in 75 films and developed a reputation among his peers as one of the screen's greatest actors. In 1999 the American Film Institute ranked Tracy as the 9th greatest male star of Classic Hollywood Cinema.

Personal Info

Known For Acting

Gender Male

Known Credits 101

Birthday 1900-04-05

Day of Death 1967-06-10

Place of Birth Milwaukee, Wisconsin, USA

Official Site -

Also Known As

  • Spencer Bonaventure Tracy
  • Спенсер Трэйси
  • Spence

Acting TV ShowsMovies

2013 Classic Movie Bloopers: Uncensored as Himself (archive footage)
1997 Bogart: The Untold Story
1993 Harlow: The Blonde Bombshell as Himself
1991 Hollywood Remembers: Myrna Loy - So Nice to Come Home to as (archive footage)
1991 Something a Little Less Serious: A Tribute to 'It's a Mad Mad Mad Mad World' as Archive Footage
1988 The Making of a Legend: Gone with the Wind as (archive footage)
1986 The Spencer Tracy Legacy: A Tribute by Katharine Hepburn as (archive footage)
1983 Hollywood Out-takes and Rare Footage as Himself (archive footage)
1976 That's Entertainment, Part II
1975 Brother, Can You Spare a Dime? as (archive footage)
1974 That's Entertainment! as Himself - at Banquet (archive footage) (uncredited)
1968 Black History: Lost Stolen, or Strayed
1967 Guess Who's Coming to Dinner as Matt Drayton
1965 Hollywood My Home Town
1964 The Big Parade of Comedy as Haggerty in 'Libeled Lady' (archive footage)
1963 It's a Mad, Mad, Mad, Mad World as Capt. C. G. Culpepper
1963 Hollywood Without Make-Up
1962 How the West Was Won as Narrator
1961 Judgment at Nuremberg as Chief Judge Dan Haywood
1961 The Devil at 4 O'Clock as Father Matthew Doonan
1960 Inherit the Wind as Henry Drummond
1958 The Last Hurrah as Frank Skeffington
1958 The Old Man and the Sea as The Old Man
1957 Desk Set as Richard Sumner
1956 The Mountain as Zachary Teller
1955 Bad Day at Black Rock as John J. Macreedy
1954 Broken Lance as Matt Devereaux
1953 The Actress as Clinton Jones
1952 Plymouth Adventure as Capt. Christopher Jones
1952 Pat and Mike as Mike Conovan
1951 The People Against O'Hara as James P. Curtayne
1951 Father's Little Dividend as Stanley Banks
1950 Father of the Bride as Stanley T. Banks
1949 Malaya as Carnaghan
1949 Adam's Rib as Adam Bonner
1949 Edward, My Son as Arnold Boult
1948 State of the Union as Grant Matthews
1947 Cass Timberlane as Cass Timberlane
1947 The Sea of Grass as Col. James Brewton
1945 Without Love as Pat Jamieson
1944 Thirty Seconds Over Tokyo as Lt. Col. Jimmy Doolittle
1944 The Seventh Cross as George Heisler
1944 A Guy Named Joe as Pete Sandidge
1944 Twenty Years After
1943 Keeper of the Flame as Stevie O'Malley
1942 Tortilla Flat as Pilon
1942 Ring of Steel as Narrator (voice)
1942 Woman of the Year as Sam Craig
1941 Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde as Dr. Henry 'Harry' Jekyll / Mr. Hyde
1941 Men of Boys Town as Father Edward J. Flanagan
1940 Boom Town as Square John Sand
1940 Cavalcade of the Academy Awards as Himself
1940 Hollywood: Style Center of the World as Himself
1940 Edison, the Man as Thomas A. Edison
1940 Young Tom Edison as Man Admiring Portrait of Thomas A. Edison
1940 Northwest Passage as Major Robert Rogers
1940 Northward, Ho! as Himself
1940 I Take This Woman as Karl Decker
1940 The Miracle of Sound as Himself
1939 Stanley and Livingstone as Henry M. Stanley
1939 From the Ends of the Earth
1939 Hollywood Hobbies as Himself
1938 Boys Town as Father Edward J. Flanagan
1938 Hollywood Goes to Town as Himself
1938 Test Pilot as Gunner
1938 Mannequin as John Hennessey
1937 Big City as Joe Benton
1937 The Romance of Celluloid
1937 Captains Courageous as Manuel Fidello
1937 They Gave Him a Gun as Fred P. Willis
1936 Libeled Lady as Warren Haggerty
1936 San Francisco as Father Mullin
1936 Fury as Joe Wilson
1936 Riffraff as Dutch
1935 Whipsaw as Ross 'Mac' McBride aka Danny Ross Ackerman
1935 Dante's Inferno as Jim Carter
1935 The Murder Man as Steven 'Steve' Grey
1935 It's A Small World as Bill Shevlin
1934 Marie Galante as Dr. Crawbett
1934 Now I'll Tell as Murray Golden
1934 Bottoms Up as 'Smoothie' King
1934 Looking for Trouble as Joe Graham
1934 The Show-Off as J. Aubrey Piper
1933 Man's Castle as Bill
1933 The Mad Game as Edward Carson
1933 The Power and the Glory as Tom Garner
1933 Shanghai Madness as Pat Jackson
1933 Face in the Sky as Joe Buck
1932 20,000 Years in Sing Sing as Tommy Connors
1932 Me and My Gal as Danny Dolan
1932 The Painted Woman as Tom Brian
1932 Society Girl as Briscoe
1932 Young America as Jack Doray
1932 Disorderly Conduct as Dick Fay
1932 Sky Devils as Wilkie
1932 She Wanted a Millionaire as William Kelley
1931 Goldie as Bill
1931 Six Cylinder Love as William Donroy
1931 Quick Millions as Daniel J. 'Bugs' Raymond
1930 Up the River as Saint Louis
1930 The Hard Guy as Guy

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