Stephen Crane (November 1, 1871 – June 5, 1900) was an
American author. Prolific throughout his short life, he wrote notable works in
the Realist tradition as well as early examples of American Naturalism and
Impressionism. He is recognized by modern critics as one of the most innovative
writers of his generation.
At the time of his death, Crane was considered an important
figure in American literature. After he was nearly forgotten for two decades,
critics revived interest in his life and work. Crane's writing is characterized
by vivid intensity, distinctive dialects, and irony. Common themes involve
fear, spiritual crises and social isolation. Although recognized primarily for
The Red Badge of Courage, which has become an American classic, Crane is also
known for his poetry, journalism, and short stories such as "The Open
Boat", "The Blue Hotel", "The Bride Comes to Yellow
Sky", and The Monster. His writing made a deep impression on 20th-century
writers, most prominent among them Ernest Hemingway, and is thought to have
inspired the Modernists and the Imagists.