Biography

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

Louis Marie Malle was a French film director, screenwriter, and producer. His film Le Monde du silence won the Palme d'Or in 1956 and the Academy Award for Best Documentary in 1957, although he was not credited at the ceremony with the award instead being presented to the film's co-director Jacques Cousteau. Later in his career he was nominated multiple times for Academy Awards. Malle is also one of the few directors to have won the Golden Lion multiple times.

Malle worked in both French cinema and Hollywood, and he produced both French and English language films. His most famous films include the crime film Ascenseur pour l'échafaud (1958), the World War II drama Lacombe, Lucien (1974), the romantic crime film Atlantic City (1980), the comedy-drama My Dinner with Andre (1981), and the autobiographical film Au revoir les enfants (1987).

Malle was born into a wealthy industrialist family in Thumeries, Nord, France. He initially studied political science at Sciences Po before turning to film studies at IDHEC instead.

He worked as the co-director and cameraman to Jacques Cousteau on the documentary The Silent World (1956), which won an Oscar and the Palme d'Or at the 1956 Academy Awards and Cannes Film Festival respectively. He assisted Robert Bresson on A Man Escaped (French title: Un condamné à mort s'est échappé ou Le vent souffle où il veut, 1956) before making his first feature, Ascenseur pour l'échafaud in 1957 (Elevator to the Gallows). A taut thriller featuring an original score by Miles Davis, Ascenseur pour l'échafaud made an international film star of Jeanne Moreau, at the time a leading stage actress of the Comédie-Française. Malle was 24 years old.

Malle's The Lovers (Les Amants, 1958), which also starred Moreau, caused major controversy due to its sexual content, leading to a landmark U.S. Supreme Court case regarding the legal definition of obscenity.

Malle is sometimes associated with the nouvelle vague movement. Malle's work does not directly fit in with or correspond to the auteurist theories that apply to the work of Godard, Truffaut, Chabrol, Rohmer and others, and he had nothing whatsoever to do with the Cahiers du cinéma. However, it does exemplify many of the characteristics of the movement, such as using natural light and shooting on location, and his film Zazie dans le métro ("Zazie in the Metro," 1960, an adaptation of the Raymond Queneau novel) inspired Truffaut to write an enthusiastic letter to Malle.

In 1968 Malle visited India and made a seven-part documentary series L'Inde fantôme: Reflexions sur un voyage and a documentary film Calcutta, which was released in cinemas. Concentrating on real India, its rituals and festivities, Malle fell afoul of the Indian government, which disliked his portrayal of the country, in its fascination with the pre-modern, and consequently banned the BBC from filming in India for several years. Malle later claimed his documentary on India was his favorite film.

Malle later moved to the United States and continued to direct there. Just as his earlier films such as The Lovers helped popularize French films in the United States, My Dinner with Andre was at the forefront of the rise of American independent cinema in the 1980s.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

Louis Marie Malle was a French film director, screenwriter, and producer. His film Le Monde du silence won the Palme d'Or in 1956 and the Academy Award for Best Documentary in 1957, although he was not credited at the ceremony with the award instead being presented to the film's co-director Jacques Cousteau. Later in his career he was nominated multiple times for Academy Awards. Malle is also one of the few directors to have won the Golden Lion multiple times.

Malle worked in both French cinema and Hollywood, and he produced both French and English language films. His most famous films include the crime film Ascenseur pour l'échafaud (1958), the World War II drama Lacombe, Lucien (1974), the romantic crime film Atlantic City (1980), the comedy-drama My Dinner with Andre (1981), and the autobiographical film Au revoir les enfants (1987).

Malle was born into a wealthy industrialist family in Thumeries, Nord, France. He initially studied political science at Sciences Po before turning to film studies at IDHEC instead.

He worked as the co-director and cameraman to Jacques Cousteau on the documentary The Silent World (1956), which won an Oscar and the Palme d'Or at the 1956 Academy Awards and Cannes Film Festival respectively. He assisted Robert Bresson on A Man Escaped (French title: Un condamné à mort s'est échappé ou Le vent souffle où il veut, 1956) before making his first feature, Ascenseur pour l'échafaud in 1957 (Elevator to the Gallows). A taut thriller featuring an original score by Miles Davis, Ascenseur pour l'échafaud made an international film star of Jeanne Moreau, at the time a leading stage actress of the Comédie-Française. Malle was 24 years old.

Malle's The Lovers (Les Amants, 1958), which also starred Moreau, caused major controversy due to its sexual content, leading to a landmark U.S. Supreme Court case regarding the legal definition of obscenity.

Malle is sometimes associated with the nouvelle vague movement. Malle's work does not directly fit in with or correspond to the auteurist theories that apply to the work of Godard, Truffaut, Chabrol, Rohmer and others, and he had nothing whatsoever to do with the Cahiers du cinéma. However, it does exemplify many of the characteristics of the movement, such as using natural light and shooting on location, and his film Zazie dans le métro ("Zazie in the Metro," 1960, an adaptation of the Raymond Queneau novel) inspired Truffaut to write an enthusiastic letter to Malle.

In 1968 Malle visited India and made a seven-part documentary series L'Inde fantôme: Reflexions sur un voyage and a documentary film Calcutta, which was released in cinemas. Concentrating on real India, its rituals and festivities, Malle fell afoul of the Indian government, which disliked his portrayal of the country, in its fascination with the pre-modern, and consequently banned the BBC from filming in India for several years. Malle later claimed his documentary on India was his favorite film.

Malle later moved to the United States and continued to direct there. Just as his earlier films such as The Lovers helped popularize French films in the United States, My Dinner with Andre was at the forefront of the rise of American independent cinema in the 1980s.

Personal Info

Known For Directing

Gender Male

Known Credits 40

Birthday 1932-10-30

Day of Death 1995-11-23

Place of Birth Thumeries, Nord, France

Official Site -

Also Known As

  • 루이 말

Directing TV ShowsMovies

1994 Vanya on 42nd Street Director
1992 Damage Director
1990 May Fools Director
1987 Au Revoir les Enfants Director
1986 ...And the Pursuit of Happiness Director
1985 God's Country Director
1985 Alamo Bay Director
1984 Crackers Director
1981 My Dinner with Andre Director
1980 Atlantic City Director
1978 Pretty Baby Director
1975 Black Moon Director
1974 Place de la République Director
1974 Human, Too Human Director
1974 Lacombe, Lucien Director
1971 Murmur of the Heart Director
1969 Louis Malle's India (7 episodes)Director
1969 Calcutta Director
1968 Spirits of the Dead Director
1967 The Thief of Paris Director
1965 Viva Maria! Director
1963 The Fire Within Director
1962 A Very Private Affair Director
1962 Vive Le Tour! Director
1960 Zazie dans le Métro Director
1958 The Lovers Director
1958 Elevator to the Gallows Director
1956 The Silent World Director
1955 Station 307 Director
1954 Crazeologie Director

Writing

2010 Elevator to the Gallows Original Story
1990 May Fools Screenplay
1987 Au Revoir les Enfants Screenplay
1978 Pretty Baby Story
1975 Black Moon Writer
1974 Lacombe, Lucien Writer
1971 Murmur of the Heart Writer
1969 Louis Malle's India (7 episodes)Writer
1969 Calcutta Writer
1968 Spirits of the Dead Adaptation
1967 The Thief of Paris Screenplay
1965 Viva Maria! Screenplay
1963 The Fire Within Screenplay
1962 A Very Private Affair Writer
1962 Vive Le Tour! Writer
1960 Zazie dans le Métro Screenplay
1958 Elevator to the Gallows Screenplay
1955 Station 307 Writer

Acting

1992 La Vie de Bohème as Gentleman
1986 ...And the Pursuit of Happiness as Narrator
1985 God's Country as Narrator
1984 My Dinner with Louis as Interviewee
1984 The Road to Bresson as Himself
1982 Before the Nickelodeon: The Cinema of Edwin S. Porter as Reader - Melies Catalogue (voice)
1974 Place de la République as Himself
1969 A Very Curious Girl as Jésus
1969 Louis Malle's India (7 episodes) as Himself - Narrator
1969 Calcutta as Narrator (voice)
1967 The Birth of Children of Paradise as Interviewee
1966 Un metteur en ordre: Robert Bresson as Himself
1956 Cinépanorama (52 episodes)
1954 Crazeologie

Production

1992 Damage Producer
1990 May Fools Producer
1987 Au Revoir les Enfants Producer
1986 ...And the Pursuit of Happiness Producer
1974 Lacombe, Lucien Producer
1966 Young Törless Producer
1960 Zazie dans le Métro Producer

Camera

1962 Vive Le Tour! Director of Photography
1956 The Silent World Director of Photography
1955 Station 307 Director of Photography

Crew

1986 ...And the Pursuit of Happiness Cinematography
1985 God's Country Cinematography

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