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Edgar Allan Woolf (25 April 1881 – 9 December 1943) was a lyricist, playwright, and screenwriter. He is best known as the co-author of the script for the 1939 film The Wizard of Oz.
Woolf was the son of Albert E. Woolf, a feather works employee, a manufacturer of disinfectant and an inventor of electrical devices, and Rosamond Wimpfheimer Woolf. Woolf attended City College of New York and Columbia University, graduating from the latter with an A.B in 1901. He wrote the annual Varsity Show, The Mischief Maker, in his senior year
Actor and Playwright
Woolf joined the Murray Hill Stock Company as an actor, and played in New York City with it for several years, but soon was writing sketches and plays for vaudeville star Pat Rooney (1880-1962) and Mrs. Patrick Campbell. One of the better-known plays Woolf wrote for Pat Rooney was "Wings of Smoke." He also wrote, in collaboration with Jerome Kern, the comic opera, "Head over Heels," in which Mitzi Hajos starred. Woolf was a prolific writer and produced many sketches for vaudeville.
Woolf wrote the book for Mam'zelle Champagne, a musical revue, which opened June 25, 1906. On opening night at the outdoor Madison Square Garden Roof Theatre, millionaire playboy Harry K. Thaw shot and killed architect Stanford White. The otherwise undistinguished musical's run continued for some 60 performances largely on the publicity from this incident.
Woolf wrote the words to You're So Cute, Soldier Boy for Henry W. Savage's comedic musical Toot Toot.
Woolf moved to Los Angeles in the early 1930s to write screenplays for Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer. He was co-author of the script for The Wizard of Oz (1939) with frequent collaborator Florence Ryerson. Both Woolf and Ryerson created the Wizard's counterpart, Professor Marvel.
Woolf was described by Samuel Marx, MGM's story editor during the 1930s, as a "wild, red-haired homosexual." He loved to cook and would spend hours cooking for his Saturday night dinner parties, where he entertained directors and writers.
At his Beverly Hills home, 911 North Beverly Drive, Woolf's three servants found him lying at the bottom of a flight of steps that led to the kitchen. Woolf had a blind dog that he took for a daily walk, and the police believed he had tripped over the dog, fracturing his skull. Woolf was taken to St. John's Santa Monica Hospital at 2 pm and died two hours later. The coroner's autopsy revealed the cause of death to be a basal skull fracture.