Biography

Culhane worked for a number of American animation studios, including Fleischer Studios, the Ub Iwerks studio, Walt Disney Productions, and theWalter Lantz studio. He began his animation career in 1925 working for J.R. Bray studios, and is known for promoting the animation talents of his inker/assistant at the Fleischer Studios in the early 1930s, Lillian Friedman Astor, making her the first female studio animator. While at the Disney studio, he discovered while working on Hawaiian Holiday's crab sequence an animation method that involved stewing for multiple days, before drawing the entire thing in rough sketches all at once, straight ahead, without invoking the left side of the brain. He was a lead animator on Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs, animating arguably the most well-known sequence in the film, the animation of the dwarves marching home singing "Heigh-Ho". The scene took Culhane and his assistants six months to complete. During this time he developed his 'High-speed' technique of using only the right side of the brain and animating with quick dashed-off sketches. In 1944, he collaborated on The Greatest Man in Siam with the layout artist Art Heinemann. In that animation, "the king of Siam bolts past doorways that are distinctly phallic in shape and peers at another that mimics a vagina."[3] Later in his career, Culhane worked briefly in Chuck Jones's unit at Warner Bros, before moving on to being a director for Lantz, where he helmed Woody Woodpecker's 1944 classic, The Barber of Seville, the cartoon famous for one of the first uses of fast cutting, after taking the idea from Sergei Eisenstein. At Lantz, he introduced Russian avant-garde influenced experimental art into the cartoons. In the late-1940s, he founded Shamus Culhane Productions (Culhane had gone by his birthname of James up until this point, before going by its Irish variant Shamus), one of the first companies to create animated television commercials. It also produced the animation for at least one of the Bell Telephone Science Series films. Shamus Culhane Productions folded in the 1960s, at which point Culhane became the head of the successor to Fleischer Studios, Paramount Cartoon Studios. He left the studio in 1967, and went into semi-retirement. Culhane wrote two highly regarded books on animation: the how-to/textbook Animation from Script to Screen, and his autobiography Talking Animals and Other People. Since Culhane worked for a number of major Hollywood animation studios, his autobiography gives a balanced general overview of the history of the Golden Age of American Animation. At his death on February 2, 1996, Culhane was survived by second wife, the former Juana Hegarty, and by two sons from his first marriage to Maxine Marx (the daughter of Chico Marx) which ended in divorce: Brian Culhane of Seattle and Kevin Marx Culhane of Portland, Ore. -From Wikiepedia

Culhane worked for a number of American animation studios, including Fleischer Studios, the Ub Iwerks studio, Walt Disney Productions, and theWalter Lantz studio. He began his animation career in 1925 working for J.R. Bray studios, and is known for promoting the animation talents of his inker/assistant at the Fleischer Studios in the early 1930s, Lillian Friedman Astor, making her the first female studio animator. While at the Disney studio, he discovered while working on Hawaiian Holiday's crab sequence an animation method that involved stewing for multiple days, before drawing the entire thing in rough sketches all at once, straight ahead, without invoking the left side of the brain. He was a lead animator on Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs, animating arguably the most well-known sequence in the film, the animation of the dwarves marching home singing "Heigh-Ho". The scene took Culhane and his assistants six months to complete. During this time he developed his 'High-speed' technique of using only the right side of the brain and animating with quick dashed-off sketches. In 1944, he collaborated on The Greatest Man in Siam with the layout artist Art Heinemann. In that animation, "the king of Siam bolts past doorways that are distinctly phallic in shape and peers at another that mimics a vagina."[3] Later in his career, Culhane worked briefly in Chuck Jones's unit at Warner Bros, before moving on to being a director for Lantz, where he helmed Woody Woodpecker's 1944 classic, The Barber of Seville, the cartoon famous for one of the first uses of fast cutting, after taking the idea from Sergei Eisenstein. At Lantz, he introduced Russian avant-garde influenced experimental art into the cartoons. In the late-1940s, he founded Shamus Culhane Productions (Culhane had gone by his birthname of James up until this point, before going by its Irish variant Shamus), one of the first companies to create animated television commercials. It also produced the animation for at least one of the Bell Telephone Science Series films. Shamus Culhane Productions folded in the 1960s, at which point Culhane became the head of the successor to Fleischer Studios, Paramount Cartoon Studios. He left the studio in 1967, and went into semi-retirement. Culhane wrote two highly regarded books on animation: the how-to/textbook Animation from Script to Screen, and his autobiography Talking Animals and Other People. Since Culhane worked for a number of major Hollywood animation studios, his autobiography gives a balanced general overview of the history of the Golden Age of American Animation. At his death on February 2, 1996, Culhane was survived by second wife, the former Juana Hegarty, and by two sons from his first marriage to Maxine Marx (the daughter of Chico Marx) which ended in divorce: Brian Culhane of Seattle and Kevin Marx Culhane of Portland, Ore. -From Wikiepedia

Personal Info

Known For Directing

Gender Male

Known Credits 58

Birthday 1908-11-12

Day of Death 1996-02-02

Place of Birth Wareham, Massachusetts, USA

Official Site -

Also Known As

  • Seamus Culhane
  • James Culhane
  • Jimmy Culhane
  • Jimmie Culhane
  • James H. Culhane

Directing TV ShowsMovies

1970 The Night the Animals Talked Director
1967 The Opera Caper Director
1967 Robin Hoodwinked Director
1967 The Squaw Path Director
1967 The Plumber Director
1967 The Trip Director
1967 My Daddy the Astronaut Director
1967 Think or Sink Director
1967 The Blacksheep Blacksmith Director
1966 Geronimo and Son Director
1966 Potions and Notions Director
1966 A Wedding Knight Director
1966 Throne for a Loss Director
1966 A Balmy Knight Director
1966 The Defiant Giant Director
1966 I Want My Mummy Director
1946 Fair Weather Fiends Director
1946 The Reckless Driver Director
1946 Who's Cookin Who? Director
1946 Mousie Come Home Director
1945 The Loose Nut Director
1945 The Dippy Diplomat Director
1945 Woody Dines Out Director
1945 Chew-Chew Baby Director
1944 The Painter and the Pointer Director
1944 Ski For Two Director
1944 The Beach Nut Director
1944 Jungle Jive Director
1944 The Barber of Seville Director
1943 Meatless Tuesday Director
1943 Take Heed Mr. Tojo Director
1943 Boogie Woogie Man (Will Get You If You Don't Watch Out) Director
1940 Popeye Meets William Tell Director
1935 The Merry Kittens Director
1934 The King's Tailor Director
1934 Aladdin and the Wonderful Lamp Director
1931 The Herring Murder Case Co-Director
1931 Alexander's Ragtime Band Director

Visual Effects

1956 Around the World in Eighty Days Animation
1943 Puss n' Booty Animation
1941 Two for the Zoo Animation
1939 The Autograph Hound Animation
1939 The Pointer Animation
1939 Beach Picnic Animation
1939 Donald's Cousin Gus Animation
1939 The Hockey Champ Animation
1939 Society Dog Show Animation
1938 Polar Trappers Animation
1937 Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs Animation
1937 Pluto's Quin-puplets Animation
1937 Hawaiian Holiday Animation
1936 Donald and Pluto Animation
1936 Mickey's Circus Animation
1936 Orphan's Picnic Animation
1933 Coo Coo the Magician Animation
1931 Please Go 'Way and Let Me Sleep Animation
1925 Just Spooks Animation

Production

1957 The Strange Case of the Cosmic Rays Producer

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