Biography

Georges Méliès, full name Marie-Georges-Jean Méliès, was a French illusionist and filmmaker famous for leading many technical and narrative developments in the earliest days of cinema. One of the first filmmakers to use multiple exposures, time-lapse photography, tracking shots, dissolves, and hand-painted color in his work, Méliès pioneered effects that would define cinematic special effects for decades to come.  A prolific innovator in the use of special effects, Méliès accidentally discovered the substitution stop trick in 1896, a method of creating seamless disappearing and/or appearing effects used throughout both films and television for decades to come.  Because of his ability to seemingly manipulate and transform reality through cinematography, Méliès is sometimes referred to as the first "Cinemagician".

Two of his best-known films are A Trip to the Moon (1902) and The Impossible Voyage (1904). Both stories involve strange, surreal voyages, somewhat in the style of Jules Verne, and are considered among the most important early science fiction films, though their approach is closer to fantasy. Méliès was also an early pioneer of horror cinema, which can be traced back to his Le Manoir du diable (1896).  

In early 1909 Méliès stopped making films to protest Thomas Edison's Motion Pictures Parents Company monopoly, and presided over the first meeting of the International Filmmakers Congress in Paris.  Further financial hardships created by his opposition to Edison and diminishing influence, Méliès disappeared from public life. By the mid-1920s he made a meager living as a candy and toy salesma in Paris, with the assistance of funds collected by other filmmakers.  Although he was recognized for his contributions in cinema, Méliès spent most of his later years in poverty before being accepted into La Maison du Retraite du Cinéma, the film industry's retirement home in Orly.  

Georges Méliès, full name Marie-Georges-Jean Méliès, was a French illusionist and filmmaker famous for leading many technical and narrative developments in the earliest days of cinema. One of the first filmmakers to use multiple exposures, time-lapse photography, tracking shots, dissolves, and hand-painted color in his work, Méliès pioneered effects that would define cinematic special effects for decades to come.  A prolific innovator in the use of special effects, Méliès accidentally discovered the substitution stop trick in 1896, a method of creating seamless disappearing and/or appearing effects used throughout both films and television for decades to come.  Because of his ability to seemingly manipulate and transform reality through cinematography, Méliès is sometimes referred to as the first "Cinemagician".

Two of his best-known films are A Trip to the Moon (1902) and The Impossible Voyage (1904). Both stories involve strange, surreal voyages, somewhat in the style of Jules Verne, and are considered among the most important early science fiction films, though their approach is closer to fantasy. Méliès was also an early pioneer of horror cinema, which can be traced back to his Le Manoir du diable (1896).  

In early 1909 Méliès stopped making films to protest Thomas Edison's Motion Pictures Parents Company monopoly, and presided over the first meeting of the International Filmmakers Congress in Paris.  Further financial hardships created by his opposition to Edison and diminishing influence, Méliès disappeared from public life. By the mid-1920s he made a meager living as a candy and toy salesma in Paris, with the assistance of funds collected by other filmmakers.  Although he was recognized for his contributions in cinema, Méliès spent most of his later years in poverty before being accepted into La Maison du Retraite du Cinéma, the film industry's retirement home in Orly.  

Personal Info

Known For Directing

Gender Male

Known Credits 242

Birthday 1861-12-08

Day of Death 1938-01-21

Place of Birth Paris, France

Official Site -

Also Known As

  • Жорж Мельес
  • 조르주 멜리에스

Directing TV ShowsMovies

The Cave of the Demons Director
2008 Georges Méliès: First Wizard of Cinema Director
1913 Le Voyage de la famille Bourrichon Director
1912 Cinderella or The Glass Slipper Director
1912 The Knight of the Snow Director
1912 The Conquest of the Pole Director
1911 The Hallucinations of Baron Munchausen Director
1910 The Diabolical Church Window Director
1910 The Doctor's Secret Director
1909 Whimsical Illusions Director
1909 The Diabolic Tenant Director
1909 The Spider and the Butterfly Director
1908 A Tricky Painter’s Fate Director
1908 Mishaps of the New York-Paris Auto Race Director
1908 Les Patineurs Director
1908 Why That Actor Was Late Director
1908 Le Génie du feu Director
1908 Amour et mélasse Director
1908 Sideshow Wrestlers Director
1908 Conte de la grand-mère et rêve de l'enfant Director
1908 The Miser Director
1908 Not Guilty Director
1908 Lully ou le violon brisé Director
1908 Buncoed Stage Johnnie Director
1908 Le nouveau seigneur du village Director
1908 The Mischance of a Photographer Director
1908 La Bonne Bergère et la mauvaise princesse Director
1908 In the Barber Shop Director
1908 Remote Electric Photography Director
1908 The Good Luck of a 'Souse' Director
1908 The Prophetess of Thebes Director
1908 François Ier et Triboulet Director
1908 The Indian Sorcerer Director
1908 Le Tambourin fantastique Director
1908 Justinian's Human Torches Director
1908 Humanity Through the Ages Director
1908 French interpreter policeman Director
1908 In the Bogie Man's Cave Director
1908 Hallucinations pharmaceutiques ou Le truc de potard Director
1908 The Dream of an Opium Fiend Director
1907 Satan in Prison Director
1907 Hamlet, Prince of Denmark Director
1907 Sightseeing Through Whisky Director
1907 Tunneling the English Channel Director
1907 Ali Barbouyou et Ali Bouf à l'huile Director
1907 La Douche d'eau bouillante Director
1907 Robert Macaire et Bertrand Director
1907 Le mariage de Victorine Director
1907 The Eclipse: Courtship of the Sun and Moon Director
1907 The Skipping Cheese Director
1907 20,000 Leagues Under the Sea Director
1907 Good Glue Sticks Director
1906 The Witch Director
1906 Jack le ramoneur Director
1906 The Tramp and the Mattress Makers Director
1906 Les Bulles de savon vivantes Director
1906 Une Chute de cinq étages Director
1906 Punch and Judy Director
1906 The Roadside Inn Director
1906 A Desperate Crime Director
1906 The Luny Musician Director
1906 The Mysterious Retort Director
1906 The Hilarious Posters Director
1906 Inventor Crazybrains and His Wonderful Airship Director
1906 The Merry Frolics of Satan Director
1905 The Lilliputian Minuet Director
1905 La Légende de Rip Van Winckle Director
1905 The Magic Dice Director
1905 An Adventurous Automobile Trip Director
1905 The Palace of the Arabian Nights Director
1905 Un feu d'artifice improvisé Director
1905 A Crazy Composer Director
1905 A Mesmerian Experiment Director
1905 The Scheming Gambler's Paradise Director
1905 The Enchanted Sedan Chair Director
1905 The Black Imp Director
1905 Ulysses and the Giant Polyphemus Director
1905 The Living Playing Cards Director
1904 The Impossible Voyage Director
1904 The Devilish Plank Director
1904 The Firefall Director
1904 Tchin-Chao, the Chinese Conjurer Director
1904 A Moonlight Serenade Director
1904 Faust and Marguerite Director
1904 A Miracle Under the Inquisition Director
1904 The Clockmaker's Dream Director
1904 The Bewitched Trunk Director
1904 The Untameable Whiskers Director
1904 The Fugitive Apparitions Director
1904 Every Man His Own Cigar Lighter Director
1904 A Wager Between Two Magicians, or, Jealous of Myself Director
1904 Tit for Tat Director
1904 The Terrible Turkish Executioner Director
1904 Le rosier miraculeux Director
1904 The Wonderful Living Fan Director
1904 The Christmas Angel Director
1904 The Mermaid Director
1904 The Wandering Jew Director
1904 The Cook in Trouble Director
1904 The Imperceptible Transmutations Director
1903 Faust in Hell Director
1903 Comical Conjuring Director
1903 The Ballet Master's Dream Director
1903 Alcofribas, The Master Magician Director
1903 Bob Kick, the Mischievous Kid Director
1903 Ten Ladies in an Umbrella Director
1903 Jupiter's Thunderballs Director
1903 Jack Jags and Dum Dum Director
1903 The Infernal Caldron Director
1903 Apparitions Director
1903 The Kingdom of Fairies Director
1903 The Melomaniac Director
1903 The Monster Director
1903 A Spiritualist Photographer Director
1903 The Oracle of Delphi Director
1903 The Mystical Flame Director
1903 Misfortune Never Comes Alone Director
1903 Marvellous Wreath Director
1903 The Infernal Cakewalk Director
1903 The Adventures of Robinson Crusoe Director
1903 Une indigestion Director
1903 The Prolific Magical Egg Director
1903 The Witch's Revenge Director
1903 The Mysterious Box Director
1903 Extraordinary Illusions Director
1903 The Inn Where No Man Rests Director
1903 The Magic Lantern Director
1903 The Drawing Lesson Director
1903 The Enchanted Well Director
1903 Cabinet Trick of the Davenport Brothers Director
1902 The Terrible Eruption of Mount Pelee and Destruction of St. Pierre, Martinique Director
1902 A Trip to the Moon Director
1902 The Catastrophe of the Balloon "Le Pax" Director
1902 The Treasures of Satan Director
1902 The Colonel's Shower Bath Director
1902 The Magician and the Imp Director
1902 The Human Fly Director
1902 An Impossible Balancing Feat Director
1902 Gulliver's Travels Among the Lilliputians and the Giants Director
1902 Marvellous Egg Production Director
1902 The Coronation of Edward VII Director
1901 Off to Bedlam Director
1901 Little Red Riding Hood Director
1901 The Magician's Cavern Director
1901 The Brahmin and the Butterfly Director
1901 Excelsior! Director
1901 Hat of Many Surprises Director
1901 The Dwarf and the Giant Director
1901 The Devil and the Statue Director
1901 An Extraordinary Dislocation Director
1901 What Is Home Without the Boarder Director
1901 The Bachelor's Paradise Director
1901 The Man with the Rubber Head Director
1901 Bluebeard Director
1901 Bouquet d'illusions Director
1901 L'homme aux cent trucs Director
1900 The Christmas Dream Director
1900 Joan of Arc Director
1900 The Artist and the Dummy Director
1900 The Misfortunes of an Explorer Director
1900 The Fat and Lean Wrestling Match Director
1900 A Fantastical Meal Director
1900 Going to Bed Under Difficulties Director
1900 Eight Girls in a Barrel Director
1900 The One-Man Band Director
1900 The Two Blind Men Director
1900 The Doctor and the Monkey Director
1900 How He Missed His Train Director
1900 Addition and Subtraction Director
1900 The Cook's Revenge Director
1900 The Triple Conjurer and the Living Head Director
1900 The Rajah's Dream or The Bewitched Wood Director
1900 The Wizard, the Prince and the Good Fairy Director
1900 The Magic Book Director
1900 Up-to-Date Spiritualism Director
1899 Luttes extravagantes Director
1899 The Dreyfus Affair Director
1899 Cinderella Director
1899 Devil's Island - Within the Palisade Director
1899 The Human Pyramid Director
1899 Summoning the Spirits Director
1899 Murder Will Out Director
1899 Le conférencier distrait Director
1899 The Clown and Automobile Director
1899 Christ Walking on Water Director
1899 Fantastic Dining Room Director
1899 An Up-to-Date Conjurer Director
1899 Lightning Change Artist Director
1899 Cleopatra's Tomb Director
1899 The Mysterious Portrait Director
1899 The Pillar of Fire Director
1899 The Mysterious Knight Director
1899 The Court Martial at Rennes Director
1899 The Fight of Reporters Director
1899 The Attempt Against the Life of Maitre Labori Director
1899 Dreyfus Meets His Wife at Rennes Director
1899 Landing of Dreyfus at Quiberon Director
1899 Suicide of Colonel Henry Director
1899 Dreyfus Put in Irons Director
1899 Dreyfus Court Martial - Arrest Of Dreyfus Director
1899 The Devil in a Convent Director
1898 The Damnation of Faust Director
1898 A Woman Surprised Director
1898 The Temptation of St. Anthony Director
1898 The Astronomer's Dream Director
1898 Adventures of William Tell Director
1898 The Famous Box Trick Director
1898 Panorama pris d'un train en marche Director
1898 Divers at Work on the Wreck of the "Maine" Director
1898 The Magician Director
1898 Woman Getting Into Bed Director
1898 The Four Troublesome Heads Director
1898 Pygmalion and Galatea Director
1897 The Hallucinated Alchemist Director
1897 The Last Cartridges Director
1897 On the Roofs Director
1897 The Grasshopper and the Ant Director
1897 Faust and Marguerite Director
1897 Fencing at the Joinville School Director
1897 Boxing Match Director
1897 The Devil's Laboratory Director
1897 After the Ball Director
1897 L'Artiste et la Venus Director
1897 The Haunted Castle Director
1897 The Surrender of Tournavos Director
1897 Between Calais and Dover Director
1897 The Bewitched Inn Director
1897 Naval Combat in Greece Director
1896 The Haunted Castle Director
1896 A Terrible Night Director Director
1896 Arrival of a Train (Joinville Station) Director
1896 Arrivée d'un train (gare de Vincennes) Director
1896 A Nightmare Director
1896 A Serpentine Dance Director
1896 Post No Bills Director
1896 The Vanishing Lady Director
1896 Playing Cards Director

Acting

2008 Georges Méliès: First Wizard of Cinema
1939 Violons d'Ingres as Himself (archive footage)
1912 The Knight of the Snow as Devil
1912 The Conquest of the Pole as Le professeur Mabouloff
1910 The Doctor's Secret
1910 The Diabolical Church Window
1909 Whimsical Illusions
1909 The Diabolic Tenant as Le Locataire diabolique
1908 Remote Electric Photography
1908 The Indian Sorcerer as The Fakir
1907 Satan in Prison as Satan
1907 Tunneling the English Channel
1907 The Eclipse: Courtship of the Sun and Moon as Professor of Astronomy
1907 Good Glue Sticks
1907 20,000 Leagues Under the Sea
1906 The Witch
1906 The Mysterious Retort
1906 The Merry Frolics of Satan as Satan
1906 The Hilarious Posters
1906 Inventor Crazybrains and His Wonderful Airship
1905 The Black Imp
1905 The Living Playing Cards as The Magician
1905 A Mesmerian Experiment
1904 The Impossible Voyage as Mabouloff
1904 Tchin-Chao, the Chinese Conjurer
1904 A Moonlight Serenade
1904 The Clockmaker's Dream
1904 The Untameable Whiskers as Man with whiskers
1904 The Fugitive Apparitions
1904 Every Man His Own Cigar Lighter
1904 The Terrible Turkish Executioner
1904 The Mermaid
1904 The Wonderful Living Fan
1904 The Wandering Jew
1903 Faust in Hell as Mephistopholes
1903 The Ballet Master's Dream
1903 Alcofribas, The Master Magician
1903 Bob Kick, the Mischievous Kid
1903 Jupiter's Thunderballs
1903 The Infernal Caldron as Devil
1903 Apparitions
1903 The Kingdom of Fairies
1903 The Melomaniac
1903 The Oracle of Delphi
1903 The Monster
1903 The Mystical Flame
1903 The Infernal Cakewalk as Devil
1903 The Prolific Magical Egg
1903 The Magic Lantern
1903 Extraordinary Illusions
1902 A Trip to the Moon as Professor Barbenfouillis / The Moon (uncredited)
1902 The Treasures of Satan
1901 L'Homme à la tête en caoutchouc as l'homme en blouse blanche / la tête
1901 Une Séance Méliès as Divers
1901 The Dwarf and the Giant
1901 Hat of Many Surprises
1901 The Man with the Rubber Head
1901 The Devil and the Statue
1901 Bluebeard
1901 The Magician's Cavern
1900 The Christmas Dream as Beggar
1900 Joan of Arc
1900 The Artist and the Dummy as Artiste
1900 The One-Man Band as All the members of the orchestra
1900 Up-to-Date Spiritualism as Le comique excentrique
1900 Going to Bed Under Difficulties as The Man
1900 The Fat and Lean Wrestling Match as Wrestler
1899 The Dreyfus Affair as Fernand Labori
1899 Cinderella as Le gnome de la pendule / Le suisse à l'entrée de l'église
1899 Summoning the Spirits
1899 The Human Pyramid
1899 An Up-to-Date Conjurer as Magician
1899 The Devil in a Convent as The Devil
1899 The Mysterious Knight as Le chevalier mystère
1898 The Astronomer's Dream as Astronomer
1898 The Temptation of St. Anthony
1898 Pygmalion and Galatea as Pygmalion
1898 The Four Troublesome Heads as Conjurer
1897 The Haunted Castle
1897 The Bewitched Inn
1897 Naval Combat in Greece as The Captain
1896 The Haunted Castle as Mephistopheles
1896 A Terrible Night as L'homme qui essaie de dormir
1896 The Vanishing Lady as Conjurer
1896 Playing Cards as Un joueur de cartes
1896 A Nightmare as Man

Production

1907 Tunneling the English Channel Producer
1905 The Black Imp Producer
1904 The Impossible Voyage Producer
1904 The Christmas Angel Producer
1903 The Infernal Caldron Producer
1902 A Trip to the Moon Producer
1901 The Man with the Rubber Head Producer
1898 The Four Troublesome Heads Producer
1898 The Astronomer's Dream Producer Casting
1897 The Haunted Castle Producer
1896 The Haunted Castle Producer
1896 A Nightmare Producer
1896 A Terrible Night Producer

Writing

1912 The Conquest of the Pole Screenplay
1904 The Impossible Voyage Screenplay
1903 Alcofribas, The Master Magician Screenplay
1902 A Trip to the Moon Screenplay
1901 L'homme aux cent trucs Writer
1897 The Haunted Castle Writer
1896 The Haunted Castle Writer
1896 A Terrible Night Writer
1896 Playing Cards Writer

Art

1907 Tunneling the English Channel Production Design
1904 The Impossible Voyage Production Design
1902 A Trip to the Moon Production Design
1898 The Astronomer's Dream Production Design
1897 The Haunted Castle Production Design
1896 The Haunted Castle Production Design
1896 A Nightmare Production Design
1896 A Terrible Night Production Design

Crew

1979 ORG Thanks
1901 The Man with the Rubber Head Special Effects
1898 The Astronomer's Dream Special Effects Creator
1898 Panorama pris d'un train en marche Cinematography
1898 The Four Troublesome Heads Special Effects

Editing

1902 A Trip to the Moon Editor
1897 The Haunted Castle Editor
1896 A Nightmare Editor

By signing up for an account on TMDb, you can post directly to Twitter and Facebook.

You need to be logged in to continue. Click here to login or here to sign up.

Global

s focus the search bar
p open profile menu
esc close an open window
? open keyboard shortcut window

On media pages

b go back (or to parent when applicable)
e go to edit page

On TV season pages

(right arrow) go to next season
(left arrow) go to previous season

On TV episode pages

(right arrow) go to next episode
(left arrow) go to previous episode

On all image pages

a open add image window

On all edit pages

t open translation selector
ctrl+ s submit form

On discussion pages

n create new discussion
w toggle watching status
p toggle public/private
c toggle close/open
a open activity
r reply to discussion
l go to last reply
ctrl+ enter submit your message
(right arrow) next page
(left arrow) previous page