Biography

Georges Méliès, full name Marie-Georges-Jean Méliès, was a French illusionist and filmmaker famous for leading many technical and narrative developments in the earliest days of cinema. One of the first filmmakers to use multiple exposures, time-lapse photography, tracking shots, dissolves, and hand-painted color in his work, Méliès pioneered effects that would define cinematic special effects for decades to come.  A prolific innovator in the use of special effects, Méliès accidentally discovered the substitution stop trick in 1896, a method of creating seamless disappearing and/or appearing effects used throughout both films and television for decades to come.  Because of his ability to seemingly manipulate and transform reality through cinematography, Méliès is sometimes referred to as the first "Cinemagician".

Two of his best-known films are A Trip to the Moon (1902) and The Impossible Voyage (1904). Both stories involve strange, surreal voyages, somewhat in the style of Jules Verne, and are considered among the most important early science fiction films, though their approach is closer to fantasy. Méliès was also an early pioneer of horror cinema, which can be traced back to his Le Manoir du diable (1896).  

In early 1909 Méliès stopped making films to protest Thomas Edison's Motion Pictures Parents Company monopoly, and presided over the first meeting of the International Filmmakers Congress in Paris.  Further financial hardships created by his opposition to Edison and diminishing influence, Méliès disappeared from public life. By the mid-1920s he made a meager living as a candy and toy salesma in Paris, with the assistance of funds collected by other filmmakers.  Although he was recognized for his contributions in cinema, Méliès spent most of his later years in poverty before being accepted into La Maison du Retraite du Cinéma, the film industry's retirement home in Orly.  

Georges Méliès, full name Marie-Georges-Jean Méliès, was a French illusionist and filmmaker famous for leading many technical and narrative developments in the earliest days of cinema. One of the first filmmakers to use multiple exposures, time-lapse photography, tracking shots, dissolves, and hand-painted color in his work, Méliès pioneered effects that would define cinematic special effects for decades to come.  A prolific innovator in the use of special effects, Méliès accidentally discovered the substitution stop trick in 1896, a method of creating seamless disappearing and/or appearing effects used throughout both films and television for decades to come.  Because of his ability to seemingly manipulate and transform reality through cinematography, Méliès is sometimes referred to as the first "Cinemagician".

Two of his best-known films are A Trip to the Moon (1902) and The Impossible Voyage (1904). Both stories involve strange, surreal voyages, somewhat in the style of Jules Verne, and are considered among the most important early science fiction films, though their approach is closer to fantasy. Méliès was also an early pioneer of horror cinema, which can be traced back to his Le Manoir du diable (1896).  

In early 1909 Méliès stopped making films to protest Thomas Edison's Motion Pictures Parents Company monopoly, and presided over the first meeting of the International Filmmakers Congress in Paris.  Further financial hardships created by his opposition to Edison and diminishing influence, Méliès disappeared from public life. By the mid-1920s he made a meager living as a candy and toy salesma in Paris, with the assistance of funds collected by other filmmakers.  Although he was recognized for his contributions in cinema, Méliès spent most of his later years in poverty before being accepted into La Maison du Retraite du Cinéma, the film industry's retirement home in Orly.  

Personal Info

Known For Directing

Gender Male

Known Credits 227

Birthday 1861-12-08

Day of Death 1938-01-21

Place of Birth Paris, France

Official Site -

Also Known As

  • Жорж Мельес
  • 조르주 멜리에스

Directing TV ShowsMovies

2008 Georges Méliès: First Wizard of CinemaDirector
1913 Le Voyage de la famille BourrichonDirector
1912 Cinderella or The Glass SlipperDirector
1912 The Knight of the SnowDirector
1912 The Conquest of the PoleDirector
1911 The Hallucinations of Baron MunchausenDirector
1910 The Doctor's SecretDirector
1910 The Diabolical Church WindowDirector
1909 Whimsical IllusionsDirector
1909 Le Papillon FantastiqueDirector
1909 The Devilish TenantDirector
1908 A Tricky Painter’s FateDirector
1908 Mishaps of the New York-Paris Auto RaceDirector
1908 Sideshow WrestlersDirector
1908 Amour et mélasseDirector
1908 Les PatineursDirector
1908 Why That Actor Was LateDirector
1908 Conte de la grand-mère et rêve de l'enfantDirector
1908 Le Génie du feuDirector
1908 Lully ou le violon briséDirector
1908 The MiserDirector
1908 Le nouveau seigneur du villageDirector
1908 The Mischance of a PhotographerDirector
1908 La Bonne Bergère et la mauvaise princesseDirector
1908 Not GuiltyDirector
1908 Buncoed Stage JohnnieDirector
1908 In the Barber ShopDirector
1908 Remote Electric PhotographyDirector
1908 The Good Luck of a 'Souse'Director
1908 The Prophetess of ThebesDirector
1908 François Ier et TribouletDirector
1908 The Indian SorcererDirector
1908 Le Tambourin fantastiqueDirector
1908 Justinian's Human TorchesDirector
1908 Humanity Through the AgesDirector
1908 Hallucinations pharmaceutiques ou Le truc de potardDirector
1908 In the Bogie Man's CaveDirector
1908 French interpreter policemanDirector
1908 The Dream of an Opium FiendDirector
1907 Hamlet, Prince of DenmarkDirector
1907 Satan in PrisonDirector
1907 Sightseeing Through WhiskyDirector
1907 Tunneling the English ChannelDirector
1907 Robert Macaire et BertrandDirector
1907 Le mariage de VictorineDirector
1907 La Douche d'eau bouillanteDirector
1907 Ali Barbouyou et Ali Bouf à l'huileDirector
1907 The Skipping CheeseDirector
1907 20,000 Leagues Under the SeaDirector
1907 Good Glue SticksDirector
1907 The Eclipse: Courtship of the Sun and MoonDirector
1906 The WitchDirector
1906 Jack le ramoneurDirector
1906 The Tramp and the Mattress MakersDirector
1906 Une Chute de cinq étagesDirector
1906 L'hôtel des voyageurs de commerceDirector
1906 Les Bulles de savon vivantesDirector
1906 Punch and JudyDirector
1906 The Luny MusicianDirector
1906 A Desperate CrimeDirector
1906 Inventor Crazybrains and His Wonderful AirshipDirector
1906 The Merry Frolics of SatanDirector
1906 The Hilarious PostersDirector
1906 The Mysterious RetortDirector
1905 The Lilliputian MinuetDirector
1905 La Légende de Rip Van WinckleDirector
1905 The Magic DiceDirector
1905 An Adventurous Automobile TripDirector
1905 The Palace of the Arabian NightsDirector
1905 A Crazy ComposerDirector
1905 Un feu d'artifice improviséDirector
1905 A Mesmerian ExperimentDirector
1905 Ulysses and the Giant PolyphemusDirector
1905 The Black ImpDirector
1905 The Living Playing CardsDirector
1905 The Scheming Gambler's ParadiseDirector
1905 The Enchanted Sedan ChairDirector
1904 The Impossible VoyageDirector
1904 The Devilish PlankDirector
1904 The FirefallDirector
1904 Tchin-Chao, the Chinese ConjurerDirector
1904 A Moonlight SerenadeDirector
1904 Faust and MargueriteDirector
1904 A Miracle Under the InquisitionDirector
1904 The Clockmaker's DreamDirector
1904 The Bewitched TrunkDirector
1904 The Untameable WhiskersDirector
1904 The Fugitive ApparitionsDirector
1904 A Wager Between Two Magicians, or, Jealous of MyselfDirector
1904 Every Man His Own Cigar LighterDirector
1904 Tit for TatDirector
1904 The Terrible Turkish ExecutionerDirector
1904 Le rosier miraculeuxDirector
1904 The Wonderful Living FanDirector
1904 The Christmas AngelDirector
1904 The Wandering JewDirector
1904 The Imperceptable TransmutationsDirector
1904 The Cook in TroubleDirector
1904 The MermaidDirector
1903 Faust in HellDirector
1903 Comical ConjuringDirector
1903 The Ballet Master's DreamDirector
1903 Alcofribas, The Master MagicianDirector
1903 Bob Kick, the Mischievous KidDirector
1903 Ten Ladies in an UmbrellaDirector
1903 Jupiter's ThunderballsDirector
1903 Jack Jags and Dum DumDirector
1903 The Infernal CaldronDirector
1903 ApparitionsDirector
1903 The Kingdom of FairiesDirector
1903 The MelomaniacDirector
1903 A Spiritualist PhotographerDirector
1903 The Oracle of DelphiDirector
1903 The MonsterDirector
1903 The Mystical FlameDirector
1903 Misfortune Never Comes AloneDirector
1903 Marvellous WreathDirector
1903 The Infernal CakewalkDirector
1903 The Adventures of Robinson CrusoeDirector
1903 Une indigestionDirector
1903 The Prolific Magical EggDirector
1903 Cabinet Trick of the Davenport BrothersDirector
1903 The Drawing LessonDirector
1903 The Witch's RevengeDirector
1903 The Mysterious BoxDirector
1903 The Magic LanternDirector
1903 The Inn Where No Man RestsDirector
1903 Extraordinary IllusionsDirector
1903 The Enchanted WellDirector
1902 The Terrible Eruption of Mount Pelee and Destruction of St. Pierre, MartiniqueDirector
1902 A Trip to the MoonDirector
1902 The Catastrophe of the Balloon "Le Pax"Director
1902 The Coronation of Edward VIIDirector
1902 Gulliver's Travels Among the Lilliputians and the GiantsDirector
1902 An Impossible Balancing FeatDirector
1902 The Human FlyDirector
1902 The Treasures of SatanDirector
1902 The Magician and the ImpDirector
1902 Marvellous Egg ProductionDirector
1902 The Colonel's Shower BathDirector
1901 Off to BedlamDirector
1901 Little Red Riding HoodDirector
1901 Bouquet d'illusionsDirector
1901 L'homme aux cent trucsDirector
1901 The Devil and the StatueDirector
1901 The Dwarf and the GiantDirector
1901 Hat of Many SurprisesDirector
1901 Excelsior!Director
1901 The Bachelor's ParadiseDirector
1901 The Magician's CavernDirector
1901 An Extraordinary DislocationDirector
1901 The Brahmin and the ButterflyDirector
1901 What Is Home Without the BoarderDirector
1901 The Man with the Rubber HeadDirector
1901 BluebeardDirector
1900 The Christmas DreamDirector
1900 Joan of ArcDirector
1900 The Artist and the DummyDirector
1900 The Misfortunes of an ExplorerDirector
1900 The Two Blind MenDirector
1900 How He Missed His TrainDirector
1900 The Doctor and the MonkeyDirector
1900 Eight Girls in a BarrelDirector
1900 Going to Bed Under DifficultiesDirector
1900 A Fantastical MealDirector
1900 The Fat and Lean Wrestling MatchDirector
1900 The Triple Conjurer and the Living HeadDirector
1900 Up-to-Date SpiritualismDirector
1900 The Magic BookDirector
1900 The Wizard, the Prince and the Good FairyDirector
1900 The Rajah's Dream or The Bewitched WoodDirector
1900 The Cook's RevengeDirector
1900 Addition and SubtractionDirector
1900 The One-Man BandDirector
1899 Luttes extravagantesDirector
1899 The Dreyfus AffairDirector
1899 CinderellaDirector
1899 Devil's Island - Within the PalisadeDirector
1899 The Human PyramidDirector
1899 Summoning the SpiritsDirector
1899 Murder Will OutDirector
1899 Christ Walking on WaterDirector
1899 Lightning Change ArtistDirector
1899 Fantastic Dining RoomDirector
1899 Cleopatra's TombDirector
1899 The Mysterious KnightDirector
1899 The Court Martial at RennesDirector
1899 The Fight of ReportersDirector
1899 The Attempt Against the Life of Maitre LaboriDirector
1899 Dreyfus Meets His Wife at RennesDirector
1899 Landing of Dreyfus at QuiberonDirector
1899 Suicide of Colonel HenryDirector
1899 Dreyfus Put in IronsDirector
1899 Dreyfus Court Martial - Arrest Of DreyfusDirector
1899 The Mysterious PortraitDirector
1899 The Pillar of FireDirector
1899 The Devil in a ConventDirector
1899 An Up-to-Date ConjurerDirector
1898 The Damnation of FaustDirector
1898 The Temptation of St. AnthonyDirector
1898 The Astronomer's DreamDirector
1898 Adventures of William TellDirector
1898 The Famous Box TrickDirector
1898 Panorama pris d'un train en marcheDirector
1898 Divers at Work on the Wreck of the "Maine"Director
1898 The MagicianDirector
1898 The Four Troublesome HeadsDirector
1898 Pygmalion and GalateaDirector
1897 The Hallucinated AlchemistDirector
1897 The Last CartridgesDirector
1897 On the RoofsDirector
1897 Faust and MargueriteDirector
1897 The Devil's LaboratoryDirector
1897 Naval Combat in GreeceDirector
1897 After the BallDirector
1897 The Bewitched InnDirector
1897 Between Calais and DoverDirector
1897 The Surrender of TournavosDirector
1897 The Haunted CastleDirector
1896 The Haunted CastleDirector
1896 Arrivée d'un train (gare de Vincennes)Director
1896 Post No BillsDirector
1896 A NightmareDirector
1896 The Vanishing LadyDirector
1896 A Terrible NightDirector
1896 Playing CardsDirector

Acting

2008 Georges Méliès: First Wizard of Cinema
1912 The Knight of the Snow as Devil
1912 The Conquest of the Pole as Le professeur Mabouloff
1910 The Doctor's Secret
1910 The Diabolical Church Window
1909 Whimsical Illusions
1909 The Devilish Tenant as Le Locataire diabolique
1908 Remote Electric Photography
1908 The Indian Sorcerer as The Fakir
1907 Satan in Prison as Satan
1907 Tunneling the English Channel
1907 20,000 Leagues Under the Sea
1907 The Eclipse: Courtship of the Sun and Moon as Professor of Astronomy
1907 Good Glue Sticks
1906 The Witch
1906 The Mysterious Retort
1906 The Hilarious Posters
1906 The Merry Frolics of Satan as Satan
1906 Inventor Crazybrains and His Wonderful Airship
1905 A Mesmerian Experiment
1905 The Black Imp
1905 The Living Playing Cards as The Magician
1904 The Impossible Voyage as Mabouloff
1904 Tchin-Chao, the Chinese Conjurer
1904 A Moonlight Serenade
1904 The Clockmaker's Dream
1904 The Untameable Whiskers as Man with whiskers
1904 The Fugitive Apparitions
1904 Every Man His Own Cigar Lighter
1904 The Terrible Turkish Executioner
1904 The Mermaid
1904 The Wonderful Living Fan
1904 The Wandering Jew
1903 Faust in Hell as Mephistopholes
1903 The Ballet Master's Dream
1903 Alcofribas, The Master Magician
1903 Bob Kick, the Mischievous Kid
1903 Jupiter's Thunderballs
1903 The Infernal Caldron as Devil
1903 Apparitions
1903 The Kingdom of Fairies
1903 The Melomaniac
1903 The Oracle of Delphi
1903 The Monster
1903 The Mystical Flame
1903 The Infernal Cakewalk as Devil
1903 The Prolific Magical Egg
1903 The Magic Lantern
1903 Extraordinary Illusions
1902 A Trip to the Moon as Professeur Barbenfouillis
1902 The Treasures of Satan
1901 The Devil and the Statue
1901 The Dwarf and the Giant
1901 The Magician's Cavern
1901 Hat of Many Surprises
1901 The Man with the Rubber Head
1901 Bluebeard
1900 The Christmas Dream as Beggar
1900 Joan of Arc
1900 The Artist and the Dummy as Artiste
1900 The Fat and Lean Wrestling Match as Wrestler
1900 Up-to-Date Spiritualism as Le comique excentrique
1900 Going to Bed Under Difficulties as The Man
1900 The One-Man Band as All the members of the orchestra
1899 The Dreyfus Affair as Fernand Labori
1899 Cinderella as Le gnome de la pendule / Le suisse à l'entrée de l'église
1899 The Human Pyramid
1899 Summoning the Spirits
1899 The Mysterious Knight as Le chevalier mystère
1899 An Up-to-Date Conjurer as Magician
1899 The Devil in a Convent as The Devil
1898 Pygmalion and Galatea as Pygmalion
1898 The Temptation of St. Anthony
1898 The Astronomer's Dream as Astronomer
1898 The Four Troublesome Heads as Conjurer
1897 The Bewitched Inn
1897 The Haunted Castle
1896 The Haunted Castle as Mephistopheles
1896 Playing Cards as Un joueur de cartes
1896 A Nightmare as Man
1896 The Vanishing Lady as Conjurer
1896 A Terrible Night as L'homme qui essaie de dormir

Production

1907 Tunneling the English ChannelProducer
1904 The Impossible VoyageProducer
1904 The Christmas AngelProducer
1903 The Infernal CaldronProducer
1902 A Trip to the MoonProducer
1901 The Man with the Rubber HeadProducer
1898 The Four Troublesome HeadsProducer
1898 The Astronomer's DreamCasting
1898 The Astronomer's DreamProducer
1897 The Haunted CastleProducer
1896 The Haunted CastleProducer
1896 A NightmareProducer
1896 A Terrible NightProducer

Writing

1912 The Conquest of the PoleScreenplay
1904 The Impossible VoyageScreenplay
1903 Alcofribas, The Master MagicianScreenplay
1902 A Trip to the MoonScreenplay
1901 L'homme aux cent trucsWriter
1897 The Haunted CastleWriter
1896 The Haunted CastleWriter
1896 Playing CardsWriter
1896 A Terrible NightWriter

Art

1907 Tunneling the English ChannelProduction Design
1904 The Impossible VoyageProduction Design
1902 A Trip to the MoonProduction Design
1898 The Astronomer's DreamProduction Design
1897 The Haunted CastleProduction Design
1896 The Haunted CastleProduction Design
1896 A NightmareProduction Design
1896 A Terrible NightProduction Design

Crew

1979 ORGThanks
1901 The Man with the Rubber HeadSpecial Effects
1898 The Four Troublesome HeadsSpecial Effects
1898 Panorama pris d'un train en marcheCinematography
1898 The Astronomer's DreamCreator
1898 The Astronomer's DreamSpecial Effects

Editing

1902 A Trip to the MoonEditor
1897 The Haunted CastleEditor
1896 A NightmareEditor

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